Landscaping – An Extension of Your Interior Living Space

The landscape around your home should be an extension of your interior living space. It should be a place where you and your family can relax, unwind, and entertain friends.


Landscape themes can be formal or informal and may utilize architectural style, a color palette, plant grouping, twig architecture, and foliage texture. Use building materials that match those of the home to create visual consistency. Contact Landscaping Baltimore for professional help.

Landscaping is the process of planning and designing outdoor spaces around buildings. It includes a variety of plant materials, hardscapes, and structures to create functional areas for outdoor recreation and leisure. It also helps to promote environmental stewardship and sustainability.

A well-designed landscape increases the aesthetic value of a property and contributes to the enjoyment of its occupants. The design process begins with a thorough site assessment to identify the existing conditions, constraints, and opportunities. This information is then used to develop a site plan. The plan is then used to guide the construction and maintenance of the landscape.

Hardscapes and plants should be placed in a way that is complementary to the building’s architecture. For example, a pathway or garden should complement the entrance of a home. Landscaping can also increase a home’s curb appeal and help it to stand out in the neighborhood. It can even improve the home’s resale value.

Landscaping is a form of art that involves the creation of gardens, lawns, trees, shrubs, and flowerbeds to add beauty to an area. It can be done by using a variety of different types of plants and flowers to create a unique and attractive environment.

A landscaping plan should consider the surrounding natural environment and climate to ensure that the design is practical and sustainable. For example, it should address issues such as slopes, drainage, soil conditions, utilities, and climate to determine the best plant species and designs.

Landscaping can be used to improve a building’s appearance by creating a focal point or adding color to the space. It can also be used to solve problems such as erosion and flooding by installing retaining walls or other structures. It can even improve the overall health of a person by reducing stress and anxiety, as well as providing an opportunity for physical activity.


Providing a beautiful setting for a building is the primary function of landscaping. Driveways, walks, lawns, shrubbery, gardens and flower-beds are all examples of landscape elements. They must be arranged in a way that creates a joyful environment for the building and its occupants.

Form is a design principle that refers to the overall shape of landscape elements. It contrasts with line in that it includes a third dimension. Using form in the landscape gives it structure and visual balance. Form may be symmetrical, with one side of an area looking exactly like the other, or it can be asymmetrical and more dynamic. For example, a formal garden will typically use plants with tailored forms, such as clipped hedges. In contrast, an informal landscape will often use freer forms that are more natural and flowing (figure 2).

Plantings are usually grouped in ways to influence the eye’s focus and emphasize a design theme. Groupings can also be used to solve landscape problems and reduce maintenance, such as a group of low plantings or a group of trees separating a patio from the house. Form is also influenced by the size and height of landscape elements, with smaller plants taking up less space and taller ones taking up more.

The first step in a landscaping project is inventorying the existing landscape and recording its positive and negative features. An important part of this is identifying existing vegetation that should be retained and worked into the new landscape. It also helps to locate and record any existing structures and their physical characteristics, such as slopes and drainage issues. This information is necessary for a detailed site plan and is critical to the successful design of any landscape project.


Color is one of the most important, yet frequently overlooked aspects of landscape design. It can transform your yard into a work of art, evoking emotions and enhancing the enjoyment you get from your outdoor spaces. It can also be used to achieve a variety of goals including creating focal points, enhancing space and perspective, establishing harmony, utilizing seasonal transitions and promoting relaxation.

Strong colors like reds and yellows draw attention to themselves and can be used to highlight certain elements of your landscaping. Alternatively, soft hues like greens and pinks are more subtle and can be used to pull attention away from unsightly features or to make a garden feel larger.

The relationship between different shades is crucial to a harmonious landscape design. It is generally accepted that colors directly across from each other (complementary) bring out the best in each other, whereas colors that are next to each other on the color wheel (analogous) will blend together more subtly.

Effective use of color can enhance the beauty of your home and elevate its overall value. According to a Clemson University professor, well-designed landscaping can add up to 28% to your property value!

Moreover, beautiful flowers and ornamental trees can boost your mood by triggering happy emotions and elevating your dopamine levels. This chemical is a key component to happiness and improves your sense of well-being. In addition, the sound of water in a fountain or the sight of rippling waterfalls can create a relaxing environment.


The texture of plant foliage, stems and flowers is another important element in landscape design. Contrasting textures produce eye-catching combinations while avoiding monotony and adding depth to the garden. Texture is also a way of addressing all the senses in a landscape, transforming it from an ordinary flat space to a living canvas that engages sight, smell and touch.

Like color, the effect of a garden’s texture can change with viewing distance and lighting. For example, close up, needle-leaf evergreens have a fine texture, but from a distance they appear coarse. The branching structure of the plant also affects its texture: tight-branched plants, such as Japanese yew and honey locust, have a dense texture while loosely-branched plants, such as ferns and lilyturf, have a light and airy feel.

Using a variety of textures in the garden is an easy and effective way to add interest and contrast. Pairing coarse and fine textures, such as lamb’s ear (Stachys byzantina) with glossy hydrangeas, creates visual drama while creating a harmonious blend. Regularly patterned leaves, such as those of silver lace dusty miller and red salvia, provide the same type of contrasting texture while adding a complementary floral color.

When selecting plants to incorporate into a landscape, consider the foliar expression of texture: coarse leaf surfaces work well with rough paving materials while delicate ferns and perennials complement smooth flagstone. Hardscape materials can also create textures: rock gardens work well with a variety of textured mulches, while crushed, washed and split-faced stone adds depth to a garden’s visual appeal.

Adding in other landscape elements, such as water features and hardscape edging, further enhances the impact of a garden’s textured elements. Plants that allow the user to interact with them by touching, such as feathery kale or frothy lilyturf, are great for adding a tactile dimension to the garden while also promoting interaction and engagement with the landscape.


Landscape maintenance, or groundskeeping, is the upkeep of a yard, garden and other outdoor spaces on a home or commercial property. It includes tasks such as pruning, mulching, mowing, edging, fertilizing, watering and pest management. It also includes more complex projects like retaining walls, patios, driveways and fences.

Landscaping services help homeowners boost their curb appeal and make a good first impression to visitors. This may be important if they are trying to sell their home. Studies have also shown that resting in an aesthetically pleasing environment can benefit a person physically and mentally.

To keep a landscape in its best shape, the right plants and other features need to be placed properly. For example, a tree should not be planted too close to the house as it might eventually block windows or hinder access. In addition, it is necessary to consider the amount of shade and sun that a plant gets and its growth rate when planting.

Landscaping services are not cheap and the costs can add up quickly. Often, landscaping companies do not factor in indirect expenses such as equipment rentals and employee wages when they are estimating their cost per job. This can cause them to lose money on each project. To increase profits, they must learn how to manage their overhead and expenses effectively. This may include using punch card systems to track employee hours, or paying employees on a per-job basis instead of hourly. It could even mean installing GPS tracking software to monitor the crew’s movements to and from jobsites. Lastly, it may involve implementing new processes such as a dedicated office manager or hiring a full-time bookkeeper to ensure the company is running efficiently.